Kodi miyala ya kubadwa ndi chiyani?

Tikukudziwitsani kuti chirichonse chokhudza miyala ya kubadwa sizasayansi. Kotero ife tikuchoka mu munda wa sayansi yamagetsi.
Anthu ambiri ali ndi chidwi pa nkhaniyi, motero zotsatira za kafukufuku wathu zimapereka ndondomeko yeniyeni ya miyala ya kubadwa.

Miyala Yakubadwa | January | February | March | April | mulole | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

miyala ya kubadwa

Mwala wa kubadwa ndi mwala wamtengo wapatali woimira mwezi wobadwa wa munthu.

Chikhalidwe chakumadzulo

Wolemba mbiri yakale wachiyuda wa m'zaka za zana loyamba a Josephus amakhulupirira kuti panali kulumikizana pakati pa miyala khumi ndi iwiri pachapachifuwa cha Aaron. Kusonyeza mafuko a Israeli, monga tafotokozera m'buku la Ekisodo. Miyezi khumi ndi iwiri ya chaka, komanso zizindikilo khumi ndi ziwiri za zodiac.

Kutanthauzira ndi kutanthauzira kwa ndime ya mu Ekisodo yokhudza chapachifuwa yasiyanasiyana kwambiri. Josephus iyemwini amapereka mindandanda iwiri yosiyana yamiyala khumi ndi iwiri. George Kunz akunena kuti Josephus adawona chapachifuwa cha Kachisi Wachiwiri, osati yemwe anafotokozedwa mu Eksodo. A Jerome, pofotokoza za Josephus, ati Foundation Stones of the New Jerusalem ndi yoyenera kuti akhristu azigwiritsa ntchito.

M'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu ndi chisanu ndi chinayi, zolemba zachipembedzo zogwiritsa ntchito mwala wina ndi mtumwi zinalembedwa, kuti "dzina lawo lilembedwe pa Mwala wa Foundation, ndi ukoma wake." Kuyeserera kunayamba kusunga miyala khumi ndi iwiri ndi kuvala m'modzi pamwezi.

Mwambo wovala mwala umodzi wobadwira umangopezeka zaka mazana angapo, ngakhale olamulira amakono amasiyana pamasiku. Kunz amaika mwambowo m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu Poland, pomwe Gemological Institute of America imayambira ku Germany m'ma 1560.

Mndandanda wamakono wamiyala yakubadwa sukukhudzana kwenikweni ndi chapachifuwa kapena Foundation Stones of Christianity. Zokonda, miyambo ndi kutanthauzira kosokoneza kwawasiyanitsa ndi mbiri yawo, pomwe wolemba m'modzi adatchula mndandanda wa 1912 Kansas "osagulitsanso kanthu."

Miyala yobereka

Miyala yakale ya kubadwa ndi mabadwidwe a anthu. Gome ili m'munsili liri ndi miyala yambiri yomwe imasankhidwa, ndipo nthawi zambiri imasonyeza chikhalidwe cha Chipolishi.

Pali ndakatulo zomwe zimafanana mwezi uliwonse pa kalendala ya Gregory ndi mwala wakubadwa. Awa ndi miyala yachikhalidwe yamagulu olankhula Chingerezi. Tiffany & Co adasindikiza ndakatulozi koyamba papepala mu 1870.

Mabwalo akubadwa masiku ano

Mu 1912, poyesera kuimiritsa miyala ya kubadwa, American National Association of Jewelers, yomwe tsopano imatchedwa Jewelers of America, inakumana ku Kansas ndipo inalembetsa mndandandanda. Nyuzipepala ya Industry of America inakonzanso mndandanda wa 1952 powonjezera Alexandrite kwa June, citrine kwa November ndi pinki tourmaline kwa Okutobala.

Anasinthanitsa mapepala a Disembala ndi zircon ndipo anasintha zinthu zamtengo wapatali / zopambana kwa March. Bungwe la American Gem Trade Association linanenanso tanzanite monga mwala wa kubadwa kwa December mu 2002. Mu 2016, American Gem Trade Association ndi Jewelers of America adawonjezerapo spinel monga mwala wobadwira wowonjezera wa Ogasiti.

Bungwe la Britain National Goldsmiths lidapanganso mndandanda wawo wamiyala yakubadwa mu 1937.

Miyambo ya Kummawa

Zikhalidwe zakum'mawa zimazindikira miyala yamtengo wapatali yofananira ndi kubadwa, ngakhale m'malo mophatikiza mwala wamtengo wapatali ndi mwezi wobadwa, miyala yamtengo wapatali imalumikizidwa ndi zakumwamba, ndipo kukhulupirira nyenyezi kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kudziwa miyala yamtengo wapatali yomwe imagwirizanitsidwa kwambiri ndi yopindulitsa munthu winawake.

Mwachitsanzo, mu Chihindu pali miyala yamtengo wapatali isanu ndi inayi ku Navagraha. Asitikali akumlengalenga kuphatikiza mapulaneti, komanso dzuwa, ndi mwezi, wodziwika ku Sanskrit ngati Navaratna (miyala yamtengo wapatali isanu ndi inayi).

Pobadwa, tchati cha nyenyezi chiwerengedwanso. Mwala wina umalimbikitsidwa kuvala thupi kutetezera zovuta zomwe zingabuke. Kutengera malo amphamvu izi mlengalenga pamalo enieni komanso nthawi yobadwa.

Miyala yoberekera ndi miyambo

mwezi M'zaka za zana la 15 - 20 US (1912) US (2016) Britain (2013)
January garnet garnet garnet garnet
February ametusitohyacinth,
ngale
ametusito ametusito ametusito
March mwala wamagazi, yaspi mwala wamagazi,
aquamarine
aquamarine,
mwala wamagazi
aquamarine,
mwala wamagazi
April daimondi, safiro diamondi diamondi daimondi, thanthwe galasi
mulole emarodisibu emarodi emarodi emarodichrysoprase
June diso la paka,
nofekisibu
ngalemoonstone ngalemoonstone,
alexandrite
ngalemoonstone
July nofekionekisi rube rube ruby, carnelian
August sardonyxcarnelian, moonstone, topazi sardonyxperidot peridotspinel peridotsardonyx
September chrysolite safiro safiro safirolapis lazuli
October opalaquamarine opaltourmaline opaltourmaline opal
November topazingale topazi topazicitrine topazicitrine
December mwala wamagazi, ruby nofekilapis lazuli nofekizircon,
tanzanite
tanzanitenofeki