Kodi miyala ya kubadwa ndi chiyani?

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mwezi wobadwira

Tikukudziwitsani kuti chirichonse chokhudza miyala ya kubadwa sizasayansi. Kotero ife tikuchoka mu munda wa sayansi yamagetsi.
Anthu ambiri ali ndi chidwi pa nkhaniyi, motero zotsatira za kafukufuku wathu zimapereka ndondomeko yeniyeni ya miyala ya kubadwa.

Mwala wa kubadwa ndi mwala wamtengo wapatali umene umaimira mwezi wa munthu.

Chikhalidwe chakumadzulo

Wolemba mbiri wachiyuda wa m'zaka za zana loyamba Josephus ankakhulupirira kuti panali kugwirizana pakati pa miyala khumi ndi iwiri mu chifuwa cha Aroni. Kusonyeza mafuko a Israeli, monga momwe akufotokozera mu Bukhu la Eksodo. Miyezi khumi ndi iwiri ya chaka, komanso zizindikiro khumi ndi ziwiri za zodiac. Kutanthauzira ndi kutanthauzira kwa ndimeyi mu Eksodo ponena za chapachifuwa chasiyana kwambiri. Josephus mwiniwake amapereka mndandanda wa mitundu iwiri ya miyalayi. George Kunz akunena kuti Josephus anaona chophimba pachifuwa cha Kachisi Wachiwiri, osati chimene chatchulidwa mu Eksodo. St. Jerome, akulongosola Josephus, adati miyala ya Foundation ya New Jerusalem iyenera kukhala yoyenera kuti Akhristu azigwiritsa ntchito.

M'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu ndi chisanu ndi chinayi, mapangano achipembedzo akugwirizanitsa mwala wina ndi mtumwi analemba, kuti "dzina lawo lilembedwe pa Foundation Stones, ndi ukoma wake." Kuphunzira kunasunga miyala khumi ndi iwiri ndi kuvala kamodzi pa mwezi. Chizoloŵezi chovala mwala umodzi wobadwira ndi zaka mazana angapo chabe, ngakhale maulamuliro amakono amasiyana pa masiku. Kunz amaika mwambo umenewu m'zaka za m'ma 1800 Poland, pomwe Gemological Institute of America imayambira ku Germany mu 1560s.

Mndandanda wamakono wamakono obadwa nawo sagwirizana kwenikweni ndi chapachifuwa kapena Foundation Stones of Christianity. Zosangalatsa, miyambo ndi kusokonezeka kwamasamba zakhala zikuchotsa mbiri yawo, ndi wolemba wina akuyitana mndandanda wa 1912 Kansas "kanthu kokha koma chidutswa cha malonda osayenerera."

Miyala yobereka

Miyala yakale ya kubadwa ndi mabadwidwe a anthu. Gome ili m'munsili liri ndi miyala yambiri yomwe imasankhidwa, ndipo nthawi zambiri imasonyeza chikhalidwe cha Chipolishi.

Pali ndakatulo zomwe zimagwirizana mwezi uliwonse wa kalendala ya Gregory ndi miyala ya kubadwa. Izi ndi miyala yachikhalidwe ya anthu olankhula Chingerezi. Tiffany & Co. adafalitsa ndakatuloyi kwa nthawi yoyamba mu kapepala ka 1870.

Mabwalo akubadwa masiku ano

Mu 1912, poyesera kuimiritsa miyala ya kubadwa, American National Association of Jewelers, yomwe tsopano imatchedwa Jewelers of America, inakumana ku Kansas ndipo inalembetsa mndandandanda. Nyuzipepala ya Industry of America inakonzanso mndandanda wa 1952 powonjezera Alexandrite kwa June, citrine kwa November ndi pinki tourmaline kwa October. Anakhalanso m'malo mwa December zircon ndipo anasintha zinthu zamtengo wapatali / zopambana kwa March. Bungwe la American Gem Trade Association linanenanso tanzanite monga mwala wa kubadwa kwa December mu 2002. Mu 2016, American Gem Trade Association ndi Jewelers of America adawonjezerapo spinel monga mwala wowonjezera kwa August. Bungwe la National Gold of Goldsmith linakhazikitsanso mndandanda wawo wokhazikika wa miyala ya kubadwa ku 1937.

Miyambo ya Kummawa

Zikhalidwe zakummawa zimayang'ana miyala yamtengo wapatali yofanana ndi kubadwa, komatu m'malo mogwirizanitsa mwala wakubadwa mwezi wakubadwa, miyala yamtengo wapatali imagwirizanitsidwa ndi mathambo a kumwamba, ndipo nyenyezi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti adziwe miyala yamtengo wapatali yomwe imakhudzana ndi munthu wina. Mwachitsanzo, mu Chihindu pali miyala yamphongo isanu ndi iwiri mu Navagraha. Makamu achilengedwe kuphatikizapo mapulaneti, komanso dzuwa, ndi mwezi, omwe amadziwika m'Sanskrit monga Navaratna (miyala 9). Pa kubadwa, chithunzi cha nyenyezi chikuwerengedwanso. Mwala wina umalimbikitsidwa kuti uzivala kuti thupi lichotse mavuto. Kuchokera pa malo a mphamvu izi mlengalenga pa malo enieni ndi nthawi yoberekera.

Miyala yoberekera ndi miyambo

mwezi 15th - 20th zaka US (1912) US (2016) Britain (2013)
January garnet garnet garnet garnet
February ametusito, hyacinth,
ngale
ametusito ametusito ametusito
March mwala wamagazi, yasipi magazi,
aquamarine
aquamarine,
mwala wamagazi
aquamarine,
mwala wamagazi
April daimondi, safiro diamondi diamondi daimondi, thanthwe galasi
mulole emarodi, sibu emarodi emarodi emarodi, chrysoprase
June diso la paka,
nofeki, sibu
ngale, moonstone ngale, moonstone,
alexandrite
ngale, moonstone
July nofeki, onekisi rube rube ruby, carnelian
August sardonyx, carnelian, moonstone, topazi sardonyx, peridot peridot, spinel peridot, sardonyx
September chrysolite safiro safiro safiro, lapis lazuli
October opal, aquamarine opal, tourmaline opal, tourmaline opal
November topazi, ngale topazi topazi, citrine topazi, citrine
December magazi, ruby nofeki, lapis lazuli nofeki, zircon,
tanzanite
tanzanite, nofeki
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