Gemological Institute of Cambodia

Nkhani

Chiyembekezo Daimondi

Hope Diamond ndi dayamondi wabuluu wa 45.52 carat. Daimondi yayikulu kwambiri yabuluu yomwe idapezekapo mpaka pano. ndikuyembekeza ndi dzina la banja lomwe linali lake kuyambira 1824. Ndi daimondi wolemba kuchokera ku "Bleu de France“. Korona wobedwa mu 1792. Adawukuka ku India. Hope Diamond ili ndi mbiri yoti ndi daimondi yotembereredwa, popeza eni ake motsatizana amadziwa kutha kwasautso, ngakhale kowopsa. Lero ndi chimodzi mwazionetsero mu National Museum of Natural History ku Washington, DC, United States.
Hope Diamond mtengo mu mbiriyakale | Hope Diamond kutemberera | Hope Daimondi wokwanira

Amagawidwa ngati daimondi ya Type IIb.

Daimondi akuyerekezedwa kukula ndi mawonekedwe ake ndi dzira la njiwa, mtedza, womwe ndi "wooneka ngati peyala." Kukula kwake m'litali, m'lifupi, ndi kuya kwake ndi 25.60 mm × 21.78 mm × 12.00 mm (1 mu × 7/8 mu × 15/32 mkati).

Amanenedwa kuti ndi okongola abuluu wakuda buluu "komanso kukhala" wamtambo wakuda bii "kapena wokhala ndi utoto wofiirira".

Mwalawo umakhala ndi kuwala kowala modabwitsa kwambiri: utawunikira kuwala kwakanthawi kochepa, daimondi imatulutsa kuwala kofiira kofiira komwe kumakhalapobe kwakanthawi magetsi atazimitsidwa, ndipo mtundu wachilendowu mwina ukadathandiza onjezerani mbiri yake yotembereredwa.

Kumveka kwake ndi VS1.

Kudulidwako ndi kansalu kakale kwambiri kamene kali ndi lamba wokhala ndi matope ndi zina zowonjezera pabwaloli.

History

Nthawi ya ku France

Daimondi idabweretsedwanso ku France ndi woyenda Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, yemwe adagulitsa kwa King Louis XIV. Nthano ya daimondi, yomwe imatulutsidwa pafupipafupi, imati mwalawo udabedwa pa chifanizo cha mulungu wamkazi Sitâ. Koma nkhani yosiyaniranatu ikadatha kupezeka mu 2007 ndi François Farges waku Muséum national d'histoire naturelle ku Paris: daimondi idagulidwa ndi Tavernier, mumsika waukulu wa diamondi ku Golconde, pomwe adapita ku India motsogozedwa ndi Ufumu wa Mughal. Ofufuza ku Natural History Museum apezanso malo omwe mgodiwo umakhulupirira kuti daimondiyo idachokera ndipo ili kumpoto kwa Andhra Pradesh masiku ano. Lingaliro lachiwiri pamayendedwe a daimondi limatsimikiziridwa ngakhale ndi zakale za Mughal za Hyderabad. Mphekesera zingapo zimafuna kuti daimondi ya Hope itembereredwe ndikupha omwe amabwera nazo: Tavernier akanatha kudyedwa ndi zilombo zakutchire, atawonongeka, pomwe iye amangofa chifukwa cha ukalamba ku Moscow, ali ndi zaka 84. Louis XIV adadula miyala yamtengo wapatali, yomwe idachokera ku 112.5 mpaka 67.5 carats, ndipo idatcha daimondiyo kuti "Violet de France" (mu Chingerezi: French Blue, chifukwa chake kusinthidwa kwa dzina lomwe pano).

Mu Seputembala 1792, daimondi idabedwa m'nyumba yosungira mipando yadziko lonse nthawi yakuba miyala yamtengo wapatali yaku France. Daimondi ndi akuba ake amachoka ku France kupita ku England. Mwalawo udawunikidwapo kuti ugulitsidwe mosavuta ndipo zotsalira zake zidatayika mpaka 1812, zaka makumi awiri ndendende ndi masiku awiri ataba, nthawi yokwanira kuti alembedwe.

Nthawi yaku Britain

Cha m'ma 1824, mwalawo, womwe udadulidwa kale ndi wamalonda ndi wolandila Daniel Eliason, udagulitsidwa kwa a Thomas Hope, wogulitsa kubanki ku London, membala wa mzere wolemera yemwe anali ndi banki ya Hope & Co, ndipo adamwalira ku 1831. La mwalawo ndiye mutu wa inshuwaransi yamoyo yolembedwa ndi mchimwene wake, yemwenso ndi wokhometsa miyala, a Henry Philip Hope, ndipo amanyamulidwa ndi amasiye a Thomas, a Louisa de la Poer Beresford. Atatsalira m'manja mwa Chiyembekezo, daimondi tsopano ikutenga dzina lawo ndipo imapezeka pamndandanda wa Henry Philip atamwalira (wopanda ana) mu 1839.

Mwana wamwamuna wamkulu wa a Thomas Hope, a Henry Thomas Hope (1807-1862), adalandira cholowacho: mwalawo udawonetsedwa ku London ku 1851 nthawi ya Great Exhibition, kenako ku Paris, pakawonetsedwe ka 1855. Mu 1861, mwana wake wamkazi womulera Henrietta, wolowa m'malo yekhayo , akwatiwa ndi a Henry Pelham-Clinton (1834-1879) omwe anali atate wamwamuna kale: koma a Henrietta akuwopa kuti mwana wawo wamwamuna wopeza adzawononga chuma chonse cha banja, motero amapanga "trastii" ndikusamutsira mdzukulu wake, a Henry Francis Chiyembekezo Pelham-Clinton (1866-1941). Adalandira monga cholowa cha inshuwaransi ya moyo mu 1887; atha kudzipatula yekha pamwala pokhapokha chilolezo cha khothi ndi gulu la trastii. A Henry Francis amakhala mopitilira ndalama zake ndipo mwinanso amachititsa banja lake kukhala lotayika mu 1897. Mkazi wake, wochita sewero May Yohé (mu), amangowapezera zosowa zawo. Pofika nthawi yomwe khothi limamuchotsa kuti agulitse mwalawo kuti amuthandize kubweza ngongole zake, mu 1901, May adanyamuka ndi bambo wina kupita ku United States. A Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton akugulitsanso mwalawo mu 1902 kwa miyala yamtengo wapatali yaku London Adolphe Weil, yemwe amaugulitsanso kwa Simon broker waku America $ 250,000.

Nthawi yaku America

Otsatira a Hope m'zaka za zana la makumi awiri ndi a Pierre Cartier, mwana wa miyala yamtengo wapatali Alfred Cartier (kuyambira 1910 mpaka 1911) yemwe amagulitsa madola 300,000 kwa Evalyn Walsh McLean. Zinali zake kuyambira 1911 mpaka kumwalira kwake mu 1947, kenako zidaperekedwa kwa Harry Winston mu 1949, yemwe adazipereka kwa Sosaiti ya Smithsonian ku Washington mu 1958. Kuti apange mwalawo kukhala wochenjera komanso wotetezeka momwe angathere, Winston amatumiza kwa a Smithsonian positi, phukusi laling'ono lokutidwa ndi kraft pepala. Dayimani wotsalira wamkulu kwambiri yemwe adapezeka mpaka pano, daimondi akuwonekerabe ku malo odziwika, komwe amapindula ndi chipinda chosungidwa: ndichinthu chachiwiri chojambulidwa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi (alendo sikisi miliyoni pachaka) pambuyo pa Mona Lisa Louvre (alendo eyiti miliyoni pachaka).

FAQ

Kodi chiyembekezo cha Daimondi ndichotembereredwa?

The diamondi adatsalira ndi banja lachifumu ku France mpaka pomwe lidabedwa mu 1792 nthawi ya French Revolution. Louis XIV ndi Marie Antoinette, omwe adadulidwa mutu, nthawi zambiri amatchulidwa kuti anali akuvutika ndi temberero. The Hope daimondi ndiwotchuka kwambiri adatemberera diamondi mdziko lapansi, koma ndi m'modzi yekha mwa ambiri.

Ndani ali ndi Hope Diamond?

The Smithsonian Institution ndi Anthu aku United States. The Smithsonian Institution, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti Smithsonian, ndi gulu la malo owonetsera zakale ndi malo ofufuzira omwe amayendetsedwa ndi boma la United States.

Kodi Hope Diamond inali pa Titanic?

Mtima wa Nyanja mufilimu ya Titanic siinali yodzikongoletsera, koma ndiyotchuka kwambiri. Zodzikongoletserazo zimachokera ku diamondi weniweni, 45.52 carat Hope Diamond.

Kodi Hope Diamond ndi safiro?

Daimondi ya Hope si safiro koma ndi diamondi yayikulu kwambiri yabuluu.

Kodi chiyembekezo cha Daimondi chikuwonetsedwa?

Inde ndi choncho. The Real Hope Diamond ndi gawo limodzi la malo osungiramo zinthu zakale osungidwa ku Museum of Washington, DC, United States. Mu Harry Winston Gallery, yotchedwa miyala yamtengo wapatali ku New York yomwe idapatsa daimondi ku nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale.

Kodi diamondi ya Hope ndiyofunika bwanji masiku ano?

Blue Hope Diamond ndi mwala wokongola wabuluu wokhala ndi mbiri yochititsa chidwi. Masiku ano, daimondi iyi imalemera 45,52 carat ndipo ndi ofunika $ 250 miliyoni.

Datemwinimtengo
Mtengo wa diamondi wa chiyembekezo mu 1653Jean-Baptiste TavernierMabuku a 450000
Mtengo wa diamondi wa chiyembekezo mu 1901Adolph Weil, wamalonda wamtengo wapatali ku London$ 148,000
Mtengo wa diamondi wa chiyembekezo mu 1911Edward Beale McLean ndi Evalyn Walsh McLean$ 180,000
Mtengo wa diamondi wa chiyembekezo mu 1958Museum of Smithsonian$ 200- $ 250 miliyoni

Kodi pali amene adayesapo kuba Hope Diamond?

Pa Seputembara 11, 1792, Hope Diamond idabedwa mnyumba momwe mudasungidwa miyala yamtengo wapatali. Daimondi ndi akuba ake achoka ku France kupita ku England. Mwalawo unkatengedwa kuti ugulitsidwe mosavuta ndipo zotsatira zake zidatayika mpaka 1812

Kodi pali mapasa ku Hope Diamond?

Kuthekera kwakuti miyala ya diamondi ya Brunswick Blue ndi Pirie atha kukhala miyala ya alongo ku Chiyembekezo yakhala malingaliro achikondi koma sizowona.

Chifukwa chiyani chiyembekezo cha diamondi ndi chokwera mtengo?

Mtundu wapadera wabuluu wa chiyembekezo wa diamondi ndiye chifukwa chachikulu chomwe anthu ambiri amakhulupirira kuti ndi wamtengo wapatali. Ma diamondi opanda utoto, makamaka, ndi osowa kwambiri ndipo amapuma kumapeto kwa mtundu wina. Kumapeto kwake kuli ma diamondi achikaso.

Kodi chiyembekezo Daimondi daimondi waukulu kwambiri padziko lonse?

Ndilo daimondi lalikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Koma Golden Jubilee Daimondi, 545.67 carat bulauni daimondi, ndiye mdulidwe waukulu kwambiri wokhala ndi ma diamondi padziko lapansi.

zolakwa: Okhutira zimatetezedwa !!